Saffron, known as “Red Gold”, is a very valuable plant.
This plant needs special conditions for growth and is cultivated in the highest quality in many parts of Iran.
Eyjan saffron Company is one of the reputable and leading producers of saffron and has started producing and exporting saffron since 1990.
Through Eyjan company you can buy any type of Iranian saffron we will describe below in any required quality and quantity any time of the year, and receive it worldwide.

Contact us for consultation and price details.
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Table of contents

Which country is the best to buy saffron?


Saffron consumption in Iran and exporting saffron from Iran to other regions dates back to thousands of years ago. Farmers have been cultivating saffron in Iran for thousands of years, and over the years, Iranian saffron has become the best saffron in the world, and saffron is grown in most parts of Iran.
Iran is now the largest producer of saffron in the world, producing about 400 tons of saffron per year, which produces various saffron products of the highest quality and exports them all over the world.
For this reason, importers from different countries buy Iranian saffron and supply it in their own countries.
The best place to buy Iranian saffron is to buy directly and without intermediaries from saffron producers in Iran.
Eyjan saffron production company has made it possible for its customers all over the world to buy bulk saffron in the highest quality in bulk or retail packaging from Iran and the producer and receive it wherever they are.
because Eyjan Company, is a saffron manufacturer, it can supply different types of saffron in different qualities at any time of the year customers require.

Saffron botanical specification


Crocus Sativus L. which is called cultivated Saffron; it’s a type of Saffron that belongs to the Iridaceae family.
Nowadays Persian Saffron product has been known as the most expensive and prized seasoning in the whole world and has different implications in modern and traditional cookery, Food industry, Pharmacy, Textile and dying, Painting and Perfuming industry as well.
Persian Saffron cultivation has historical antiquity in Iran country. Scientists and researchers had known Iran as the provenance of the Saffron.
Despite there is no accurate statistics of planting this product in Iran, but unofficial statistics indicating that the annual product of Saffron is about 400 tons, and referring to this fact there is no doubt that Iran is the first producer of this product in the world.
Following post-doctoral research of Natigham University which took 5 years and broadcasting research results in the second international conference of the Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, the Quality of Iran’s Saffron is considered as the highest classification in comparison to the other producer in the world.
The height of this planet is about 14 to 40 cm which is mostly the height of leaves from the ground; this plant has a very strong bulbous and is covered by a brown fiber membrane which is called a corm, the roots of this plant are bush and clump as well.
The specific feature of cultivation of this product has been announced and written by writer and published by Isfahan Nasooh publication for the first time.
Saffron cultivation has an exclusive place, but due to the lack of research disbursement for saffron in Iran Ministry of Science, lack of research and development corresponding to inimitable medicinal properties of saffron and cultivated feature of this plant in agricultural ministry and governmental organization which has the whole budget for researches.
lack of planning for systematizing saffron import and export in management and planning organization, lack of support from the government in knowledge and innovation and required technology for saffron, lack of recognizing cultivation techniques by saffron experts in planting and harvesting.
Persian Saffron has two stems, the aerial stem is very shiny and green which is the end with one or several complex flowers together that arise from the seedling on the corm.
The length of the gramineous stem is various and based on the depth of cultivation vary from 10 to 30 cm, in fact, this stem protects and keeps the Saffron flowers and petals to develop without any barrier directed to the ground.
Saffron has another stem which is the figure, hard, circle, small, and likely to Gladiolus corm, its flat in the base and figure like a pitcher and linear on the top of it. The size of the Saffron corm is varying from hazel size to coarse walnut.
Mostly the size depending on the compression of corm on the farm, soil fertility circumstances, pattern, and contexture of the soil, and intensity or weakness of weed grows. The number of Saffron flowers depending on the size of the corm, in the case that the farm is old and leading to the poverty of food elements corms turn to the tiny size and the number of the flower will decrease in the following year.
Development and appearance of Saffron flowers are considered to be the first irrigation and vary from time to time and mostly appearing in a period of 15 to 20 days in November and December. The appearance of the flowers gradually increases and we can see the peak of the flowering season in 6 to 8 days.
Saffron leaves are narrow, linear, and covered by the dark green color that can be found after flower appearance.
In the circumstance that the irrigation is done earlier before the proper time of the first irrigation or in the first year that there is no flower and the leaves of Saffron had been grazed by rabbits or sheep, you cannot expect to have flowers since at this condition we have only the appearance of the leaves.

Various types of Iranian saffron

Super Negin saffron:

Super Negin saffron is the most luxurious saffron type that has a uniform all-red appearance and consists of tall saffron stigmas that have larger upperparts.
Because it has the highest coloring power aroma and tastes it has a lot of fans and also so much fake supper Negin exists in the saffron market.

Negin saffron:

Negin saffron’s stigmas are a little bit smaller than super Negin but it is still the highest quality saffron after Super Negin saffron and completely consists of saffron stigmas. Negin saffron also has a high coloring power, flavor, and aroma.

Sargol saffron:

Sargol saffron is the most famous type of saffron and ordinary people mostly know Sargol saffron as saffron and are unaware of the existence of other types of saffron.
Sargol saffron has high quality and also is sold at a fair price. It is composed entirely of saffron stigmas but besides its stigmas are shorter than Negin saffron it may consist of broken stems that its percentage can be different according to the quality and type of Sargol saffron.

Pushal saffron:

Pushal saffron is a type of saffron that consists of saffron stigmas plus a little part of saffron cream and its strings may have a curly shape.

Daste/Bunch saffron:

Bunch saffron is complete saffron strings (stigma+cram+root) that are tied together with a kind of thread. It is the cheapest type of saffron because it has saffron root but it has a lot of properties and consuming Bunch saffron has a lot of benefits.

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Purchasing of original saffron


saffronFortunately, with little experience or simple and immediate tests, the pure Persian Saffron, with its unique aroma, flavor, and color, can be distinguished easily from fake Saffron.
It’s far easier than to check the purity of honey, definitely, it can be said that 80% of the honey in Iran’s market is the victim of fraud or at least the use of excess sugar has been used to feed the bees or in other words, sugar is deformed to produce honey but it should be mentioned that it is likely that twenty to thirty percent of Saffron available in Iran’s market has been subjected to one of the frauds described.

  •  Fraud by using Safflower


The use of safflower, aristocratic or evergreen flowers, and turmeric rhizomes instead of saffron stigmas is called fraud with plant origin.
It has been a common method of cheating in the past. For this fraud, flags of the safflower flower may be separated and then colored with Saffron colors.
To avoid buying fake Saffron, Saffron should be purchased from its production center as follows:
Buying the main Saffron Thread (Poushal) or Bunch Saffron (Daste saffron) from the farmers of the village where Saffron is cultivated.
Buying the main Bunch Saffron from reputable Saffron sellers in the areas where Saffron is cultivated.
Awareness of the appearance, aroma, taste, and color of Saffron.
For instance, dark red Saffron is not suitable for medicinal purposes. Broken Saffron, with other impurities that can be noticed easily, is also not suitable.

  • How to distinguish original Iranian Saffron

To distinguish the pure Iranian Saffron especially for the medicinal product, the Saffron should be placed on the clean glassy surface and each of the damaged Saffron stigmas that have funnel form should be counted. If the number of these Saffron stigmas is less than 10% of the total number of Saffron filaments in one gram, Saffron is free of fraud with plant origin, or else it is cheated and should be avoided buying it.

  • The easiest way to identify fake Saffron

1. Boiling water test 1
The easiest way to detect impure Saffron is to provide boiling water that is usually available anywhere in Saffron areas or anywhere in the market, and the demand for one small cup of boiling water or carrying a small flask with yourself is not difficult.
To run this simple test, you must ask the seller to give the Saffron that you want to buy it. Then take about 20 threads from it and place them inside the cup of boiling water. Just 50 cc of boiling water is necessary to acquire the best result of the experiment.
With pure Saffron, you will see the threads slowly releasing a golden hue not immediately. It can take around 10 minutes for the cup of water to turn completely yellow.
Take the Saffron threads from the boiling water if some or some of them completely lost their color and whitened, then the Saffron is fake and contains other ingredients.
In such circumstances, you should not discuss with the seller that your Saffron is not genuine because in the business market, there is no right for the customers and you should avoid the conflict. If your purpose is to use Saffron for medicinal drugs, never buy fake Saffron.
2. Boiling water test 2
The second method is also very simple. You should take about ten threads of Saffron that you want to buy and thoroughly chop it on a surface of clean white paper. Then again by using boiling water, but this time it is not necessary 50 ccs of boiling water, even by a few drops of boiling, you can confirm the Saffron purity. Pour a few drops of boiling water on the chopped Saffron and wait a few minutes, the main Saffron hue is release after a few minutes, and the red color od it is near bright red or yellow, if you saw some parts of the chopped Saffron threads that are white, there is also the possibility of fraud, so the purchase of this Saffron should be avoided.
3. testing the aroma, taste, and color of Saffron
To distinguish the taste of Saffron, you should place a few Saffron threads in your mouth and if the taste is a bit bitter, this product can be pure Irani Saffron. On the other hand, after three minutes, if the red color of those Saffron threads changed to yellow, it can be the second sign of Saffron purity. It should be noted that after three minutes If the color of Saffron threads or some parts of them changed to white color, this kind of Saffron is fake.
The pure Saffron has a special aroma as soon as the lid of the special container for it is opened then the unique aroma of it fill the twenty to thirty square meters of the store, and this aroma and odor can be smelled from the distance of one hundred meters in the Saffron market.
The main color of the Saffron is also bright red if the Saffron in a package has dark red, this Saffron is not original or fresh and it is not suitable for medicinal purposes.
Another important point in Saffron color is that sellers always put the best kind of Saffron behind the store window, but the kind of Saffron that they sell is not the same.
In addition, with yellow light and its reflection on the eye-catching packages of Saffron, a wave of magnificence for the customer is created. As a result, it is vital to be aware of the medicinal and therapeutic uses of Saffron.
The knowledge and experience of Saffron producers should be employed for purchasing the pure Saffron, or else the health of consumers is endangered by various types of chemicals ingredients added to Saffron.
We are faced with a lot of problems in the Third World, Iran is the world’s first organic Saffron producer. Purchasing pure Saffron should be possible in Iran, not in Europe, the UAE, or Saudi Arabia, which annually produces several hundred kilograms of carcinogenic ingredients as Saffron.
They imported this kind of Saffron from unknowable Hajjis that they want to buy a souvenir from Saudi Arabia for their families and relatives. The main purpose of these countries is to destroy the cultivation of Saffron in Iran.
Therefore, the cheap price of Saffron anywhere in the world can be a sign of impure Saffron.
Each gram of chemical called Saffron is a thousand tomans, any other product that is cheap and has no flavor and color properties as described in the above tests is not Saffron. It has no value for medical purposes and it is also harmful and carcinogenic.

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Main factors affecting saffron rate


Due to the experimental methods, the main factor which affects directly on the rate is health and bulkiness of the stigmas, the freshness of Saffron always affects the fragrance of it called safranal which gives it aroma and follows to this fact it would more effective on quality and price of the Saffron.
Saffron amount of crocin or the factor that affecting the pigmentation of this product works the same, health and bulkiness of stigmas have a direct effect on the high level of pigmentation in Saffron.
In the end, the redness of Saffron pigmentation would have a higher price in the market.

Chemical Compound of the saffron

saffronSaffron is the most precious medicinal plant known that known as the magical plant on the earth which you are not able to find any plant like this valuable plant. The main factor that approaches saffron alike a pharmacy is the effective and impure substance in this plant which you cannot in any cultivated plant.
one of the impressive properties of this plant is the availability of harvesting before the growing procedure.
This cultivated properties decrease the risk of damaging the flowers in confronting mulch, poison, herbicides, insecticides, perceptions, pollutants, disease, pests, Therefore in the field of cultivation, there is no plant-like saffron that can protect in minimum time against mentioned items.
These privilege points made increased saffron value in medicinal and treatment utilization and encouraged people to use it.
It has been done much research in considering saffron effective compounds. Based on this research Three main compounds in saffron contain crocin which is related to color factor, glycosylic picrocrocin which is responsible for the bitter taste of the saffron plant, and at the end, saffron is the many factors of the aroma of this plant.
Crocin and safranal are the main compounds of saffron and picrocrocin had known as the basic and precursor of safranal.
Additional to mentioned compounds, other chemical compounds such as Anthocyanin’s, flavonoids, vitamins, Riboflavin and thiamine, amine acids, Starches, minerals, and gums.
Caroline’s (c44h4o24) structure is made by one Di-ester and disaccharides that have been made from genotoxins and Crocotinic Acid Carboxylic which is known as one of the water-soluble carotenoids.
Crocin has medicinal properties that contain anti-cancer, promoting learning and mind.
In addition to the antioxidant activity of this substance and distinctive color of orang_red, pigmentation of it use usually by foodstuff producers, and color industries as well. Pigments are widely used in anti-aging factors in cosmetics.
According to various research, crocin is one of the most important substances consider compounds in the saffron plant. Crocin has a wide mechanism and is the most effective substance in cancer therapeutic.
Recent studies and research prove that after digestion of saffron by the alimentary canal crocin will be hydrolyzed by the small intestine.

Iranian infusion Saffron Properties and benefits


In our traditional medicine benefits and medicinal benefits of infusion Saffron has been mentioned as further you know Saffron has dry and warm nature which is used for various type of disease in traditional medicine, Modern medicine which is programmed basically according to the traditional medicine is highly regarded to a variety of positive healthy Saffron benefits and managed to prove it. One of the most important properties of Iranian Saffron is beginning pleasurably and bracing which is used in the treatment of depression and apply for making anti-depression medicines.
Iranian saffron indication and usage
Mainly Ghayen and Birjand rural areas use infusion saffron like tea and hosting the guest with this prized drink.
Saffron tea is usually common in harvesting seasons.
In ancient times saffron was known as a holy plant and utilized in religious ceremonies by Jewish leaders for the god, although before saffron been known as the spice and drug used as the color for written down the holy books, according to the non-stability of the saffron color written with it became obsolete.
Finally, saffron color is used for cotton and silk coloration, yarn or silk will be boil with the hot water and in the next step saffron add to it, if they want to turn it to green some indigo color would be added to it and then they’ll wash it again.

Required authorization of an Iranian saffron producer company

saffronOne of the most important regulations that the government codified for this precious product which we call red-gold, forcing the trader to obtain certificates and licenses which lead to prove only pure and high-quality Iranian Saffron is permitted to be export.
Considering these regulations, jobber brokers and any agent would not be able to ruin the well-known reputation of Iranian Saffron.
One of the nominated licenses is related directly to the ministry of Health and Medical Education which is known as the Health certificate and Standard certificate issued by the Institute of standards and industrial research.
At the same time is it mandatory that any person or export company apply for obtaining commercial cards from the Iran chamber of commerce before proceeding with the export of Saffron.
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